Comps, honors papers, and prize-winning works of the Biology Department are featured here. All works have been self-submitted by the student authors. Descriptive information about each work is available to search or browse. Access to the full text of the works is limited to current Carleton affiliates with faculty permission. Learn more about how to submit your work and how to request access to the full text of works.

In addition to this digital archive, physical copies of past Biology comps are available for browsing in the Biology office (Hulings Hall 214).

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Submissions from 2016

Jody He, Biology (BIOL) 2016, Need for Speed: The Role of Translational Efficiency in Codon Usage Bias

Ellis Sweet Johnston, Biology (BIOL) 2016, Sequestration of Plant Metabolites and its Varied Usage by Generalist and Specialist Herbivores

Prasidda Khadka, Biology (BIOL) 2016, Reprogramming of the immune cells by gut microbiota plays an important role in anti-tumor immunity

Megan Marie King, Biology (BIOL) 2016, Microbial Metabolites as Messengers: Bifidobacterium uses metabolites to modulate dendritic cell maturation, differentiation, and function with implications to Celiac Disease

Julia Krumholz, Biology (BIOL) 2016, Lyme Disease Host Frequencies Change in Response to Acorn Masts, Altering Prevalence of Borrelia Burgodorferi in Northeast American Environments

Alexander Richard Kulacki, Biology (BIOL) 2016, Generalists and Specialists in Response to Ecological Disturbance

Abhimanyu Lele, Biology (BIOL) 2016, Causes of Individual Foraging Specialization

de Macedi Khuaten Maaneb, Biology (BIOL) 2016, The role of carbohydrate subtypes in T cell population modification, intestinal epithelial cell tight junction integrity, and autoimmune disease

Matthew Allen Mensinger, Biology (BIOL) 2016, The Ecological Influences of Semelparous Salmon and Anthropogenic Nutrient Subsidies in Riparian Systems

Darcy Mishkind, Biology (BIOL) 2016, A Codon of Silence: The effects of synonymous codon optimization and de-optimization on translation

Anya Moradian, Biology (BIOL) 2016, Commissural axons require additional cues that modulate the Netrin pathway and ensure proper guidance

Christopher William Nootenboom, Biology (BIOL) 2016, Whale Falls and the Species-Energy Theory: Dual Resource Pulses that Promote Global Diversity as Evolutionary Stepping Stones

Jordan Marie Pruszenski, Biology (BIOL) 2016, Examining migratory ungulates as a resource pulse and their effects on the species in their migratory range

Shraddha Raghavan, Biology (BIOL) 2016, Extracellular matrix components play a critical role in the segmental migration of trunk neural crest cells

Andy Rodgers, Biology (BIOL) 2016, Understanding host shifts in phytophagous insects and their role in diversification

Brittany Salazar, Biology (BIOL) 2016, Effect of gut microbiome on TH17 cell activation and Toll-like receptor signaling in rheumatoid arthritis development

Roberto Stephen Sande, Biology (BIOL) 2016, The Netrin-1/DCC/ERK Pathway and its Effects on Axonal Branching

Grace Marie Sassana, Biology (BIOL) 2016, Feeding Our Immune Systems: Microbiota-Derived Short Chain Fatty Acids Regulate Colonic Foxp3+ Regulatory T Cell Generation

Cameron Meyer Shorb, Biology (BIOL) 2016, Factors regulating invasive plant responses to resource pulses

Bing Shui, Biology (BIOL) 2016, Gastric Cancer Metastasis: Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition Promoted By Cancer-Associated Fibroblasts

Ximou Song, Biology (BIOL) 2016, Synonymous Codon Bias in Translational Elongation and Protein Folding

Christopher Ely Sundquist, Biology (BIOL) 2016, Commensal Communication: An Examination of the Bacteroides fragilis Polysaccharide A Dependent Immunosuppressive Pathway

Gail J. Waltz, Biology (BIOL) 2016, Synonymous Codon Use: Effects on Ribosome Speed, Protein Folding, and Protein Function

Ryan David Wegner, Biology (BIOL) 2016, Periodic Cicadas as a Resource Pulse

Samuel West, Biology (BIOL) 2016, The roll of the cytokine CXCL12 and its receptor CXCR4 in the metastasis of tumor cells in breast cancer

Samuel William White, Biology (BIOL) 2016, Maintenance of DUOX-pathway Homeostasis in the Drosophila Gut

Richard Michael Yeker, Biology (BIOL) 2016, ROS/RNS impair sarcoplasmic reticulum calcium release and decrease calcium sensitivity to induce skeletal muscle fatigue

Submissions from 2015

Shamis M. Adam, Biology (BIOL) 2015, Antiviral Immunity: Interactions between Inhibitory Killer-Cell Immunoglobulin-like Receptors and MHC-I Molecules in HIV Infection

Jae Ahn, Biology (BIOL) 2015, Canonical and Non-Canonical Wnt Signaling Pathways Regulate Dendritic Morphogenesis and Synaptogenesis in Hippocampal Neurons

Laura Christine Arneson, Biology (BIOL) 2015, From Burger to Tumor: The Role of Diet-Derived Glycans in Cancer

Hillary Kraemer Barbetta, Biology (BIOL) 2015, Exploring and enhancing the regenerative potential of the mammalian heart through exogenous cardiomyocyte differentiation and transplantation

Emily Virginia Buckner, Biology (BIOL) 2015, Making Connections in Human-dominated Landscapes: The Ecological Role of Subsidies in Recipient Systems

Colette Celichowski, Biology (BIOL) 2015, The Great Xscape: How and Why Genes Escape Inactivation on the Eutherian Xi

Ruisu Chen, Biology (BIOL) 2015, N-ε-carboxymethyl-lysine (CML) binds to the receptor for AGE (RAGE) and activates multiple pathways that lead to the development of atherosclerosis complications in diabetes patients

Louis David Cohen, Biology (BIOL) 2015, Dosage Compensation Models in C. elegans compared to those in D. melanogaster

Laura Legendre Colbran, Biology (BIOL) 2015, An Exiting Existence: mechanisms of mammalian sex chromosome inactivation

Wenyue College, Biology (BIOL) 2015, Multiple pathways are required for hypoxia-induced autophagy - a survival mechanism of cancer cells

Alison Carol Coogan, Biology (BIOL) 2015, Nephron segmentation and its application in advancing regenerative therapies for kidney disease

Daniel David Cook, Biology (BIOL) 2015, Regulation of the Ferric Uptake Regulator through Extracellular Cell Wall Iron Storage Drives an Accumulation of Intracellular Iron during the Lag Phase of Staphylococcus aureus

Hannah Marit Curtiss, Biology (BIOL) 2015, Aberrant O-Mannose Initiated Glycosylation of ?-Dystroglycan Underlies Congenital Muscular Dystrophies

Leigh Dairaghi, Biology (BIOL) 2015, Mechanisms of mammalian dosage compensation: X-chromosome inactivation and reactivation

John Alexander Ficklin, Biology (BIOL) 2015, Predation in the City

Lily Rose Gage, Biology (BIOL) 2015, Effects of human-mediated habitat change on parasite prevalence and transmission

Alexandra Nicole Guy, Biology (BIOL) 2015, Mechanisms behind the disintegration of the midline epithelial seam in palatogenesis and implications for cleft palate

Alison Elizabeth Hall, Biology (BIOL) 2015, Ecosystem and Community Consequences of Size Selective Fishing

Anthony Lamar Harris, Biology (BIOL) 2015, An Increase from the Normal Homeostatic Temperature of Photorhabdus asymbiotica Induces Weakened Virulence Capabilities

Emily Jo Hillmer, Biology (BIOL) 2015, The Role of Aberrantly Glycosylated MUC1 in Mechanisms of Breast Cancer Metastasis

Kyle John Kasten, Biology (BIOL) 2015, Variation in corridor habitat requirements between predator and prey species

Shiou-Yuh Lin, Biology (BIOL) 2015, Dosage Compensation through X Chromosome Inactivation

Jacky Lu, Biology (BIOL) 2015, Got Guts to be a Killer? The Role of Natural Killer Cells in Gut Mucosal Immunity

Noah Mason, Biology (BIOL) 2015, The Role of Epigenetics in Ventricular Septal Defects

Elisabeth Anne Massey, Biology (BIOL) 2015, This Is Tau We Do It: The Role of Tau O-GlcNAcylation in Alzheimer's Disease

Emiri Matsuda, Biology (BIOL) 2015, Killing the Messenger: NK cell editing of APCs as a therapeutic target for MS

Claire Elizabeth McDonald, Biology (BIOL) 2015, Mammalian Solutions to an Xistential Problem: Dosage Compensation in Eutherians and Marsupials

Terese M. Nelson, Biology (BIOL) 2015, Paternal imprinting plays a key role in embryonic X chromosome regulation differences between mammalian infraclasses

Corina Dominga Perez, Biology (BIOL) 2015, Top-Down and Bottom-Up Controls on Trophic Status of Freshwater Systems

Alyssa Christine Puritz, Biology (BIOL) 2015, Changes in foraging patterns due to urbanization affect reproductive success in terrestrial vertebrates

John MacVeagh Raynolds, Biology (BIOL) 2015, One Fish, Two Fish, Red Fish, Blue Fish, Green Fish, Orange Fish: The Significance of 3 Evolutionary Factors on Rapid Diversification in Fish

Kathryn Emily Richards, Biology (BIOL) 2015, Cancer's Sweet Tooth: The Role of O-GlcNAcylation in the Metabolic Reprogramming of Cancer Cells

Emily Sarah Semaya, Biology (BIOL) 2015, Building a Better Valve: Endothelial-Mesenchymal Transition in Tissue-Engineered Heart Valves

Sofia Shrestha, Biology (BIOL) 2015, The role of natural killer cell receptor NKG2D and its ligands in tumor surveillance and receptor mediated anti-tumor immunotherapy

Dimitri Smirnoff, Biology (BIOL) 2015, Trans-Differentiation of Skeletal Muscle into Electrocytes: Innervation Is a Driver of Phenotypic Plasticity via a Notch Pathway

Shaun Demoy Stewart, Biology (BIOL) 2015, NK Cells and Adaptive Immunity: A look at NK cell modulation of T-cells

Phuoc Tien Tran, Biology (BIOL) 2015, Connecting Genotypes and Immune Regulations through the Licensing Effect of Natural Killer Cells

Chun-Che Tseng, Biology (BIOL) 2015, Reversing tumor microenvironment induced natural killer cell exhaustion via T cell immunoglobulin mucin molecule 3

Abraham Villarreal, Biology (BIOL) 2015, Temporal and Spatial Mismatch by Anthropogenic Climate Change

Marina M. Watowich, Biology (BIOL) 2015, Complexities of elevated atmospheric CO2 effects on marine predator-prey dynamics

Ben David Wedin, Biology (BIOL) 2015, Cyclic electron flow is a crucial component in maintaining photosynthetic efficiency in the green alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii

Taylor Katharine Wells, Biology (BIOL) 2015, The role of monocyte-derived macrophages in central nervous system regeneration

Rachel Womack, Biology (BIOL) 2015, The roles of endothermy and the tribosphenic molar in the ecological diversification of mammals: Potential key innovations

Jocelyn Meredith York, Biology (BIOL) 2015, How and when does organic farming affect pollinator diversity?

Anna Zimmer, Biology (BIOL) 2015, Weapons of natural killers: the role of KIRs and their cognate ligands in progression to AIDS

Submissions from 2014

Sakr Hanan Abo, Biology (BIOL) 2014, The End is Just the Beginning: The Ubiquitin Proteasome System and the Transcription of Estrogen Receptor Alpha

Stephanie Allen, Biology (BIOL) 2014, Stress-Induced Diet Preferences and Associated Microbial Changes

Adit Bipin Alreja, Biology (BIOL) 2014, Gut Microbiota Influence Systemic Inflammation And Eating Behavior Associated With Obesity

Amber Gelena Armstrong, Biology (BIOL) 2014, The role of mTOR signaling and ER stress in the development of type 2 diabetes in obese individuals

Madeline Long Arnold, Biology (BIOL) 2014, The UPS, Autophagy, or Both: Tau Degradation Pathways and the Role of p62 in Alzheimer's Disease

Kaitlin Kuehn Bagley, Biology (BIOL) 2014, Insulin-like growth factor 1, mammalian target of rapamycin, and the system A amino acid transporters: possible treatment targets for intrauterine growth restriction

Jared J. Beck, Biology (BIOL) 2014, Phylogenetic community structure and the functioning of ecosystems

Ross Jeffrey Brown, Biology (BIOL) 2014, The Puzzle of Primary Plastids

Adrienne Keith Bruder, Biology (BIOL) 2014, The Role of Increased Placental Expression of Soluble Fms-like Tyrosine Kinase-1 (sFlt-1) in Preeclampsia

Sylvie Nguyen Cohen, Biology (BIOL) 2014, mTORC1 as a Nutrient-Dependent Regulator of Autophagy in Mammalian Cells

Tony Carlos Daza, Biology (BIOL) 2014, Depression: A pro-inflammatory cytokine response to commensal bacteria

James Thomas Dibb, Biology (BIOL) 2014, Mammalian target of rapamycin signaling pathway in advanced hormone receptor positive breast cancer

Brianna Audrey Farley, Biology (BIOL) 2014, Womb of requirement: The role of placental hormones in myometrial activation

Gillian Fitz, Biology (BIOL) 2014, Every time we touch: Cell-to-cell contact allows BMP signaling to establish primordial germ cells in embryos

Brendan Haughie Fowl, Biology (BIOL) 2014, Too much of a good thing: chronic activation of mTOR-1 complex leads to the development of obesity and Type-2 diabetes mellitus

Molly Rachel Gallop, Biology (BIOL) 2014, A Gut Response: The Influence of Diet and Gut Microbes on Fat Storage

Julia Elise Gamache, Biology (BIOL) 2014, Impact of Gut Microbiota on Memeory Through Cholecystokinin (CCK)

Chase James Gottschalk, Biology (BIOL) 2014, The role of PDK1 activation in the Warburg effect and apoptosis evasion under hypoxia and nutrient deprivation

George Adam Jacob Guenthner, Biology (BIOL) 2014, Changes in Pollinator Diversity Reduce Insular System Resilience

Hannah Catherine Happ, Biology (BIOL) 2014, Common sensing: the role of class-3 semaphorin/neuropilin signaling in trunk neural crest cells and metastatic tumor cells

Naozumi Hiranuma, Biology (BIOL) 2014, The Early Evolutionary Origin of Spliceosomes

Drew Farrington Holmen, Biology (BIOL) 2014, The Origin of Tubulin

Michael C. Holter, Biology (BIOL) 2014, Pluripotency and differentiation: A look at a potential iPSC-derived motor neuron treatment for familial ALS

Jessica Huang, Biology (BIOL) 2014, The Gut-Brain-Enteric Microbiota Axis from an Ecological Perspective: The Role of Microbiota Biodiversity in Immune Functioning and its Implications in Chronic Inflammatory Disorders

Cassandra Bryce Iroz, Biology (BIOL) 2014, Escaping a nutrient deprived environment: mTOR-dependent pathways involved in cancer metastasis

Shamir Amir Kansakar, Biology (BIOL) 2014, NK Cell: Receptor ligand interaction for immune-tolerance in pregnancy

Clara Elizabeth Kappelman, Biology (BIOL) 2014, HLA-G-mediated immunomodulation at the fetomaternal interface permits successful growth of the semi-allogeneic fetus

Kelly Elizabeth Kapsar, Biology (BIOL) 2014, Who's afraid of the big bad wolf? Trait mediated interactions among sympatric carnivores and their effect on behaviorally mediated trophic cascades